Estudos Econômicos (São Paulo)
versão impressa ISSN 0101-4161
CAPUTO, Ana Cláudia e MELO, Hildete Pereira de. A industrialização brasileira nos anos de 1950: uma análise da instrução 113 da SUMOC. Estud. Econ. [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.3, pp. 513-538. ISSN 0101-4161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-41612009000300003.
This article examines Instruction 113 of the Currency and Credit Board (SUMOC), which allowed imports of machinery and equipment to Brazil without exchange cover, in the form of direct foreign investment, beginning in 1955. One of the interpretations of national industrialization establishes that the internationalization of the Brazilian economy occurred in the mid 1950s and the hypothesis of this work is that Instruction 113 was a significant element on this matter. The methodology used to verify this is based on the licenses given by CACEX (the Foreign Trade Department of Bank of Brazil) authorizing the entry of this investment between 1955 and 1963; the analysis was done through the following variables: country of origin, amount invested, economic sectors and main enterprises which received and invested it. A picture is put together, designed to be representative of the direct foreign investment, at a time when Brazil was further industrializing its economy.
Palavras-chave : industrialization; Instruction 113; direct foreign investment.