Estudos Econômicos (São Paulo)
versão impressa ISSN 0101-4161
CAVALCANTI, Marco Antônio Freitas de Hollanda e SILVA, Napoleão Luiz Costa da. Impactos de políticas de desoneração do setor produtivo: uma avaliação a partir de um modelo de gerações superpostas. Estud. Econ. [online]. 2010, vol.40, n.4, pp. 943-966. ISSN 0101-4161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-41612010000400008.
This paper aims to contribute to the debate on the best way to reduce the tax burden on the production sector in Brazil, by simulating an overlapping generations model calibrated to the country's economy. Our focus is on the comparison of the macroeconomic and welfare impacts brought about by policies that reduce the tax burden on labour and policies based on the reduction of the tax burden on capital. According to our results, reducing the tax burden on capital may lead to substantial gains in terms of capital accumulation and GDP relative to reducing the burden on labour. Both types of policies must generate welfare losses to elderly generations alive when the reform takes place and welfare gains to future generations, but the effects on intermediate generations may differ substantially under each policy.
Palavras-chave : fiscal policy; tax reform; overlapping generations.