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Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material

versão impressa ISSN 0101-4714

Resumo

GRANATO, Marcus; MAIA, Elias da Silva  e  SANTOS, Fernanda Pires. Valorização do patrimônio científico e tecnológico brasileiro: descobrindo conjuntos de objetos de C&T pelo Brasil. An. mus. paul. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.2, pp.11-34. ISSN 0101-4714.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-47142014000200002.

Most of Brazil's science and technology (S&T) heritage has yet to be tracked down. The knowledge amassed on the topic is still limited, and there is a real risk that Brazilian science and technology objects may already have been modernized or discarded. A research project was developed in the last four years including several initiatives to preserve this kind of heritage, as such: a national survey to build up a picture of the current state of this heritage; studies concerning heritage protection legislation of some countries, including Brazil; and two case studies of collections of S&T objects (Observatório do Valongo and Colégio Pedro II). This paper presents an overview of the results obtained in the several initiatives of preservation undertaken. The survey is divided into different areas of knowledge and different time frames. As such, we are interested in sets of objects from the exact sciences, the different engineering specialties, as well as geography, geology and oceanography, which were manufactured in or before the 1960s. A registration form was prepared which was adapted from a form used in surveys of collections of this kind in Portugal. Sets of objects have been identified at museums, universities and research institutes. From the results, it could be observed that: the best preserved collections are at the few museums devoted to the area, but the universities hold most of the artifacts and the overwhelming majority of the objects were made in the twentieth century.

Palavras-chave : Museology; Scientific Heritage; Preservation; Surveying; MAST.

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