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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083versão On-line ISSN 1806-938X


FERNANDES, César Eduardo et al. Androgen insufficiency syndrome: diagnostic and therapeutic criteria. Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2006, vol.33, n.3, pp.152-161. ISSN 1806-938X.

The women’s androgen insufficiency syndrome (AIS) arises, even nowadays, many debates and clears a lot of controversies. It is known, however, that the plasmatic levels of testosterone gradually decline through the reproductive period. AIS is appraised as a set of clinical symptoms, bioavailability presence diminished of testosterone and normal levels of estrogen. Among the main symptoms that remind the diagnosis are the well-being impairment, dysphoric mood, the fatigue without apparent cause, the sexual desire impairment, the loss of weight and the vasomotor instability in postmenopausal women receiving estrogen. These, however, are potentially attributable to the different etiologies and make it difficult to give the correct diagnosis in the majority of the cases, even though it is reminded, often, in patients who submit to bilateral oophorectomy. The diagnosis of the SIA seems to be essentially clinical, not having the needs of laboratorial dosages for its proof. It shouldn’t indicate the androgenic therapy (AT) in patients without concomitant estrogen therapy. Testosterone is considered the ideal hormone for AT. Patients with suggestive SIA symptoms, excluded other identifiable causes, especially the post-menopauses ones, are candidates to AT. There are no safety data about AT in long stated period users. The transdermal patches, creams and gel seems to be preferable to the oral formulations.

Palavras-chave : Androgen deficiency; androgen therapy; female sexual dysfunction.

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