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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083versão On-line ISSN 1806-938X

Resumo

OLIVEIRA, Christian César Candido de; SCHEUER, Claudia Inês  e  SCIVOLETTO, Sandra. Autobiographical and semantic memory of adolescent drug users. Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2007, vol.34, n.6, pp.260-265. ISSN 1806-938X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-60832007000600001.

BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders in infancy and adolescence may impair the access to the memory of facts and events occurred during these periods. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the autobiographical and semantic memory of a group of adolescent drug users and a control group of adolescent non-users. METHODS: Twenty-five males participated in each group between 13 and 17 years old. Two questionnaires were applied: Kihlstrom e Schacter (1995) for semantic memory and Borrini et al. (1989) for autobiographical memory. RESULTS: The group of drug users had more difficulties in accessing autobiographical memory (p = 0.0205) and semantic memory (p = 0.0057). CONCLUSIONS: Some hypotheses might be raised: users presented cognitive complications that make difficult the access to long-term memories, as well as others related to the dynamics of drug use.

Palavras-chave : Autobiographical memory; semantic memory; dependence; adolescence; substance use.

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