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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)
On-line version ISSN 1806-938X
ALMINHANA, Letícia Oliveira and MOREIRA-ALMEIDA, Alexander. Personality and religiousness/spirituality (R/E). Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2009, vol.36, n.4, pp. 153-161. ISSN 1806-938X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-60832009000400005.
BACKGROUND: Although there are many studies linking the religious context with fisical and mental health, there is little research on the interface between religiousness/spirituality and personality. OBJECTIVES: The main goal was to review the empirical research on the relationship between religiosity, spirituality and personality. METHODS: A survey of the academic production through virtual databases: PubMed and PsychInfo, published until January of 2008 and using the combinations: "personality and spiritu*" and "personality and religio*" was conducted, in addition to articles presented in a meta-analysis about the subject. RESULTS: High Religiousness is associated with low Psychoticism and high Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. Conscientiousness in adolescents can be a significant predictor for the higher religiosity in the early adulthood. And the dimension of Religiosity seems to be a potentially candidate to be beyond the Big Five. DISCUSSION: The belief in a dimension of Religiosity, in a transcendent reality or in a personal God, in some cases, does not seem to show associations between any of the five factors of personality. This can indicate that the R/E is a potential sixth factor of personality that is not present in the current models of personality.
Keywords : Personality; religiosity/spirituality; psychoticism; agreeableness; conscientiousness.