Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)
Print version ISSN 0101-6083
MOREIRA, Andreza Giuliane Guimarães et al. Physical activity and performance in executive function tasks in healthy older adults: preliminary data. Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2010, vol.37, n.3, pp.109-112. ISSN 0101-6083. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-60832010000300003.
BACKGROUND: Physical activity seems to produce positive effects on many cognitive processes in elderly people. Nevertheless, little is known about the impact of sequential physical activity, such as dancing, on the executive functions in older adults. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in elderly people, the relation between the type of physical practice and the performance in executive functions. METHODS: Thirty five older adults, age 60-69, participated in this study. The control group (CD) was composed by sedentary participants; the physical activity group (PAG) was composed by practitioners of physical activity; the dance group (DG) was composed by practitioner of identical physical activity to the PAG plus practice of senior dance. After an initial triage, executive function tests were administered for all participants. RESULTS: Compared to the other groups, the DG presented better performance in the measures of planning (Tower of London) and inhibitory control (Stroop test). DISCUSSION: The preliminary findings suggest a specificity of physical activity on the performance of some executive functions. Our perspective is to find the same results with a larger sample.
Keywords : Cognition; physical education and training; dancing; health; aging.