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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083

Resumo

SILVA, Susana Sofia Pereira da  e  MAIA, Ângela da Costa. Adverse childhood experiences, psychological characteristics and physical health problems: comparison among obese and non-obese. Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2011, vol.38, n.5, pp.194-200. ISSN 0101-6083.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-60832011000500005.

BACKGROUND: The literature is unanimous about the high morbidity and mortality associated with obesity, but little consistency with regard to the psychological characteristics of obese. OBJECTIVE: This study tries to characterize the life experiences and problems of physical and mental health in a group of obese, and compare them with non-obese subjects. METHOD: Eighty-one obese and one hundred non-obese subjects were evaluated regarding adverse experiences in childhood, general psychopathology, personality dimensions, coping styles, health problems and health complaints. RESULTS: The experiences of emotional abuse and neglect are reported frequently, but some adverse childhood experiences are not reported by obese and non-obese, and obese report more substance abuse in the family, while non-obese report more mental illness or suicide. Obese people report more complaints and health problems, but non-obese, have more general psychopathology. Moreover obese use less coping strategies while in the dimensions of personality there is no difference between groups. The general psychopathology, coping strategies, health complaints and health problems have a discriminant function of the obese and non-obese patients, and health complaints are the most important factor contributing to this distinction. DISCUSSION: Contrary to what some studies suggest, the obese did not report more adversity and reported less general psychopathology than non-obese. However, obese report more complaints and health problems and use coping strategies differently.

Palavras-chave : Adversity; bariatric surgery; current functioning; obesity; psychopathology.

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