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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

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VALENCA, Alexandre Martins; NASCIMENTO, Isabella  and  NARDI, Antonio Egidio. Relationship between sexual offences and mental and developmental disorders: a review. Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2013, vol.40, n.3, pp.97-104. ISSN 0101-6083.

BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is a serious public health problem that concerns and faces our society. The prevalence, magnitude and consequences of this problem have merited growing attention by health researchers and human rights scholars. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a review of the literature regarding the relationship between mental disorders, sexual offences and those of development. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed in PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Lilacs, employing the terms "sexual crime", "sexual offence", "mental disorder", "mental retardation", "developmental disability" and its combinations. RESULTS: The mental disorders and developmental disorders more frequently related to the perpetration of sexual offences were schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and mental retardation. DISCUSSION: The detection and treatment of psychiatric morbidity among sexual offenders in health and criminal justice systems, which may contribute to a lower risk of recidivism of this sexual behaviour, is important.

Keywords : Sexual crime; sexual offence; mental disorder; mental retardation; developmental disability.

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