SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.40 número4Reconhecimento emocional de faces na esquizofrenia: resultados preliminares do programa de realidade virtual para o reconhecimento emocional de facesÉ possível identificar indivíduos com comprometimento cognitivo leve e doença de Alzheimer usando uma bateria neuropsicológica de 30 minutos? índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083

Resumo

FREIRE, Rafael C.  e  NARDI, Antonio E.. Are patients with panic disorder respiratory subtype more vulnerable to tobacco, alcohol or illicit drug use?. Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2013, vol.40, n.4, pp.135-138. ISSN 0101-6083.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-60832013000400002.

BACKGROUND: Studies have documented high use of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs in patients with panic disorder (PD). The comorbid substance use disorders worsen the prognosis of mood and anxiety disorders. The respiratory subtype (RS) of PD seems to represent a more severe and distinct form of this disorder associated with higher familial history of PD and more comorbidity with other anxiety disorders. OBJECTIVES: Describe the patterns of tobacco, alcohol or illicit drug use in PD patients, and also to ascertain if patients with the RS use these substances more than those of the non-respiratory subtype. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with 71 PD patients. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test and Fagerstrom Tobacco Questionnaire were used in the evaluation. Patients with four or five respiratory symptoms were classified in the RS, the remaining patients were classified as non-respiratory subtype. RESULTS: In our sample 31.0% were smokers, 11.3% were hazardous alcohol users and none of them was using illicit drugs. There were no differences between the respiratory and non-respiratory subtypes regarding the use of tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, stimulants and hallucinogens. DISCUSSION: The RS was not correlated to the use of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. Additional epidemiological and clinical studies focusing the relationship between PD and substance use are warranted.

Palavras-chave : Panic disorder; agoraphobia; respiratory subtype; smoking; substance-related disorders.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons