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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083

Resumo

SANTOS, Raquel Luiza; SOUSA, Maria Fernanda Barroso de; ARCOVERDE, Cynthia  e  DOURADO, Marcia Cristina Nascimento. Efficacy of a psychoeducational group with caregivers of patients with dementia. Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2013, vol.40, n.4, pp.162-164. ISSN 0101-6083.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-60832013000400007.

BACKGROUND: The use of intervention strategies aimed at dementia caregivers objectives the information and the creation of coping strategies to deal with the difficulties caused by dementia. OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation between the participation in a psychoeducational group and the decrease of burden, and depressive and anxious symptoms of caregivers of people with dementia. METHODS: Caregivers (n = 18) assessed in a longitudinal study at baseline and after six months of participation in a psychoeducational group. There were used the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire (PFAQ), Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD), Quality of Life Scale in Alzheimer' Disease (QoL-AD), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). RESULTS: In the baseline, there was correlation between the burden and the caregivers' depressive symptoms (p = 0.048). The analysis of the differences between the baseline and the second moment has shown a decrease in caregivers' depressive symptoms in moment 2 (p = 0.011). There were no significant differences in the other variables. DISCUSSION: Psychoeducational groups can be considered efficient interventions on the decrease of the depression of caregivers of people with dementia.

Palavras-chave : Caregiver; dementia; burden; psychoeducational group.

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