SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.41 issue3Burden on relatives of people with psychic disorder: levels and associated factorsRelationship between maternal depression as a risk factor for childhood trauma and mood disorders in young adults author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

Print version ISSN 0101-6083

Abstract

SILVA, Lais Dos Santos Vinholi e et al. Relations between memory complaints, depressive symptoms and cognitive performance among community dwelling elderly. Rev. psiquiatr. clín. [online]. 2014, vol.41, n.3, pp.67-71. ISSN 0101-6083.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0101-60830000000013.

Background

Memory complaints are quite common among the elderly; yet, the clinical relevance of these complaints to diagnose cognitive decline is debatable, since several different factors could be associated with them.

Objective

The present paper examined the correlations between memory complaints, depressive symptoms and cognitive performance in a group of 301 elderly individuals who lived in the district of Ermelino Matarazzo, São Paulo, and who participated in the population-based survey entitled Profiles of Frailty in Elderly Brazilians by the FIBRA Network.

Methods

Cognitive performance was assessed with the memorization test involving 10 common pictures, the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Verbal Fluency (VF) test, and the Clock Drawing Test, which comprise the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB). Memory complaints were assessed with the Memory Complaint Questionnaire (MAC-Q), and depressive symptoms with the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS).

Results

Female participants had higher rates of memory complaints when compared to male participants (p = 0.013). Subjects with less years of schooling had more severe memory complaints and poorer cognitive performance than those with more years of schooling (p < 0.003). The presence of depressive symptoms was associated with poorer memory assessment scores (r = 0.39, p < 0.001).

Discussion

Memory complaints were correlated with sex, schooling and depressive symptoms among elderly individuals residing in the community. No correlation was found between complaints and cognitive performance.

Keywords : Older adults; elderly; memory; depressive symptoms; memory complaints.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf )