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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083versão On-line ISSN 1806-938X

Resumo

ALCKMIN-CARVALHO, Felipe et al. Evidence-based psychotherapy for treatment of anorexia nervosa in children and adolescents: systematic review. Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (São Paulo) [online]. 2018, vol.45, n.2, pp.41-48. ISSN 1806-938X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-60830000000154.

Background:

Efficacy studies on the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) in childhood and adolescence are scarce and systematic reviews are almost non-existent.

Objective:

Systematic review of the literature regarding the modalities of psychological intervention based on evidence used in the treatment of AN in childhood and adolescence.

Methods:

The research was carried out in the databases: PubMed, PsycINFO and Cochrane, using the combined keywords: anorexia nervosa and evidence-based therapy. Articles published between 1990 and 2015 were assessed.

Results:

Of the 139 eligible articles, 14 were selected, of which 10 (71.4%) were conducted in the United States and England. The sample ranged from 9 to 167 participants. Randomized Clinical Trial represented the most frequent design (n = 9; 63.4%), with more than half of the interventions structured in 20 or more sessions (n = 9, 64.3%). Nine types of treatments were tested, with the most tested being Family-Based Treatment (FBT) (n = 7; 50%). Interventions involving the family seem to be more effective, however, the rates for complete remission are modest.

Discussion:

Although evidence of efficacy was verified in the treatments analyzed, the limited number of studies, the various methodological limitations and the methodological heterogeneity between studies make the findings inconclusive.

Palavras-chave : Anorexia nervosa; treatment; adolescence; systematic review; evidence-based psychotherapy.

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