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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083versão On-line ISSN 1806-938X

Resumo

LUCHESI, Bruna Moretti et al. Living with the elderly is related to a better performance in the recognition of facial expressions of emotion among older individuals. Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (São Paulo) [online]. 2018, vol.45, n.4, pp.82-87. ISSN 1806-938X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0101-60830000000164.

Background:

Cohabitation with the elderly may bring benefits to social relationships and exert an influence on the recognition of facial expressions of emotion.

Objective:

Compare emotion recognition skills between a cohabitation group (CHG) of older adults who live with a dependent elderly individual and a non-cohabitation group (NCHG) of older adults who do not live with an elderly individual.

Methods:

Interviews were conducted with 62 older adults in the CHG and 56 in the NCHG. The two groups were similar with regard to gender, age, schooling, degree of dependence, cognitive performance, and depressive symptoms. A dynamic task with six emotions (anger, disgust, happiness, surprise, sadness, and fear) and four levels of intensity was administered to evaluate the recognition of facial emotions.

Results:

The CHG performed better than the NCHG regarding the correct identification of emotions, specifically surprise (60%), disgust (60%, 80%, and 100%), fear (80%), and sadness (80% and 100%).

Discussion:

Cohabitation with an elderly individual seems to offer benefits to older adults in terms of recognizing facial expressions of emotion.

Palavras-chave : Facial recognition; emotions; cognition; aged.

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