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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083versão On-line ISSN 1806-938X

Resumo

BAL, Ufuk; CELIKBAş, Zekiye  e  BATMAZ, Sedat. Association of mindfulness and impulsivity with obesity. Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (São Paulo) [online]. 2018, vol.45, n.5, pp.130-134. ISSN 1806-938X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-60830000000173.

Background:

The prevalence of obesity has more than doubled over the past three decades. Impulsivity is a multidimensional personality trait that potentially contributes to the development and maintenance of obesity. Mindful awareness can potentially minimize the automatic and inattentive reactions around food.

Objectives:

In our study, we aimed to research the relationship between impulsivity and mindful attention.

Methods:

The study population consisted of 60 outpatients aged 18 and older, with a body mass index (BMI) of at least 30 kg/m2 presenting to the psychiatry clinics of a secondary health care facility. The participants completed the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS), and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS).

Results:

The average age of participants was 39 years, BMI was 35.70 ± 4.54 kg/m2. BMI was not statistically significantly correlated with any of the scales, and the MAAS total score was negatively correlated with the impulsiveness scores, except for the motor impulsiveness subscale score. Dispositional mindfulness was negatively associated with impulsiveness scores, except for motor impulsiveness.

Discussion:

This study showed that there was a negative relationship between impulsivity and mindfulness. Therefore, using mindfulness techniques may decrease impulsivity, and may be extremely helpful in promoting better eating behaviors and weight regulation.

Palavras-chave : Impulsivity; mindfulness; obesity.

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