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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083versão On-line ISSN 1806-938X

Resumo

WYSOKIŃSKI, ADAM; MARGULSKA, ALEKSANDRA; KOZŁOWSKA, ELZ-BIETA  e  BRZEZIŃSKA-BŁASZCZYK, EWA. Serum level of cathelicidin LL-37 is increased in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder irrespective of their cardio-metabolic status. Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (São Paulo) [online]. 2019, vol.46, n.3, pp.66-71.  Epub 29-Jul-2019. ISSN 1806-938X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-60830000000196.

Background

Antimicrobial peptides are components of the innate immune system. Cathelicidin LL-37 plays an important role in antimicrobial defense, exerts proinflammatory effect and strongly affects the immune system functioning. Our recent study revealed that serum concentration of LL-37 is increased in patients with bipolar disorder.

Objectives

The aim of this study is to re-evaluate serum LL-37 levels in patients with euthymic bipolar disorder and in healthy controls, matched for anthropometric and body composition parameters.

Methods

36 adult patients with euthymic bipolar disorder and 68 non-depressed adults were included into the study. Concentration of LL-37 in serum was assessed using ELISA method. Detailed anthropometric measurements, body composition and biochemical analyses were performed.

Results

There was a statistically significant difference (p = 0.01) in serum LL-37 level between patients with bipolar disorder (4.97 ± 7.98 ng/mL) and control subjects (1.78 ± 2.69 ng/mL).

Discussion

Results of this study indicate that LL-37 serum level is increased in euthymic bipolar disorder patients. We found that this increase could not be attributed to analyzed anthropometric or body composition parameters.

Palavras-chave : Cathelicidin; LL-37; bipolar disorder; body composition.

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