SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.46 issue5Optical coherence tomography findings in bipolar disorder: a preliminary receiver operating characteristic analysis on ganglion cell layer volume for diagnosisLipopolysaccharide-stimulated intracellular cytokines and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

Print version ISSN 0101-6083On-line version ISSN 1806-938X


MEDEIROS, HEYDRICH LOPES VIRGULINO DE et al. Cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and content validity of the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS) for use in Brazil. Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (São Paulo) [online]. 2019, vol.46, n.5, pp.132-136.  Epub Nov 25, 2019. ISSN 1806-938X.


The Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS) assesses the presence and intensity of negative symptoms in schizophrenia.


This study aimed to carry out the BNSS cross-cultural adaptation to the Brazilian Portuguese language and verify its content validity and reliability.


This is a methodological study that followed these steps: (1) implementation of the cross-cultural adaptation and translation protocol, (2) BNSS adapted content validation, and (3) reliability assessment. Six experts participated in the adaptation process. The sample consisted of 30 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and assisted at the Brazilian Psychosocial Care Center (CAPS), in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil, which was the research setting.


The cross-cultural adaptation was successful due to the values obtained for each aspect evaluated, such as semantic (0.922), idiomatic (0.910), experiential (0.961), and conceptual equivalence (0.974). The same happened with content validity regarding clarity of language (0.935), practical relevance (0.974), and theoretical relevance (0.948). Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.884 for the entire instrument, and the items ranged from 0.865 to 0.882.


The BNSS adaptation process has shown to be satisfactory for use in the Brazilian context, constituting a useful clinical tool for teaching and research.

Keywords : Negative symptoms; cross-cultural adaptation; schizophrenia; validation studies; blunted affect.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )