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Educação & Sociedade
On-line version ISSN 1678-4626
FRIGOTTO, Gaudêncio and CIAVATTA, Maria. Basic education in Brazil in the 1990s: an active and consented subordination to the logic of the market. Educ. Soc. [online]. 2003, vol.24, n.82, pp. 93-130. ISSN 1678-4626. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-73302003000100005.
Based on the analyses of researchers and intellectuals who have not abandoned the utopian thinking, that is, on thoughts that criticize any form of colonialism, this paper discusses the basic education policy under the Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC) administration (1995-2002). Its conclusions are that the "FHC era" also meant a retrogression both at an institutional and organizational level, and more particularly as for the pedagogical sphere. This conclusion is primarily grounded on an analysis of the broader social project and of the educational project it implied, both associated in an active, consented and subordinate manner with international agencies. More specifically, it is based on the relevance of basic education in the light of more general issues posed to education by a changing world and educational policies concerning the Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educação Nacional (Brazilian Education Basic Tenets Law) and the National Educational Council, the National Educational Plan, the 8-year compulsory schooling, the National Curriculum Guidelines and the reform of senior high and vocational schools.
Keywords : Basic education; FHC government; Active subordination; Educational policies.