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On-line version ISSN 1678-5142
GOLDBARG, Marco César et al. Algoritmo evolucionário para otimização do plano de tratamento em radioterapia conformal 3D. Pesqui. Oper. [online]. 2009, vol.29, n.2, pp. 239-267. ISSN 1678-5142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-74382009000200001.
The radiotherapy treatment planning aims to achieve a target volume with high doses of radiation taking care not to expose healthy organs to high doses. It is therefore very important to find an optimal balance between these conflicting goals. This paper reports a mathematical model of multiobjective programming and presents a Transgenetic Algorithm for the problem of selecting the direction of radiation beams in 3D conformal radiotherapy planning. The selection of beams directions is done with a technique called variable isocenters. In order to test the potential of the developed algorithm, a comparative experiment with a multiobjective genetic algorithm was done. The computational experiment obtains quantitative and qualitative data that are analyzed in this paper.
Keywords : 3D conformal radiotherapy; beam position optimization; transgenetic algorithm.