Print version ISSN 0101-7438
BIAGIO, Maria A.; COELHO, Marco A. and FRANCO, Pablo E. Cuervo. Heuristic for solving capacitor allocation problems in electric energy radial distribution networks. Pesqui. Oper. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.1, pp.121-138. Epub Apr 05, 2012. ISSN 0101-7438. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-74382012005000010.
The goal of the capacitor allocation problem in radial distribution networks is to minimize technical losses with consequential positive impacts on economic and environmental areas. The main objective is to define the size and location of the capacitors while considering load variations in a given horizon. The mathematical formulation for this planning problem is given by an integer nonlinear mathematical programming model that demands great computational effort to be solved. With the goal of solving this problem, this paper proposes a methodology that is composed of heuristics and Tabu Search procedures. The methodology presented explores network system characteristics of the network system reactive loads for identifying regions where procedures of local and intensive searches should be performed. A description of the proposed methodology and an analysis of computational results obtained which are based on several test systems including actual systems are presented. The solutions reached are as good as or better than those indicated by well referenced methodologies. The technique proposed is simple in its use and does not require calibrating an excessive amount of parameters, making it an attractive alternative for companies involved in the planning of radial distribution networks.
Keywords : capacitor allocation; technical losses; distribution networks of electric energy.