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Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul

versão impressa ISSN 0101-8108

Resumo

SILVA, Mari-Nilva Maia da et al. Depression in climacteric women: analysis of a sample receiving care at a university hospital in Maranhão, Brazil. Rev. psiquiatr. Rio Gd. Sul [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.2, pp.150-154. ISSN 0101-8108.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81082008000300011.

Introduction: The climacteric is a transition period between reproductive and non-reproductive ages that leads to biopsychossocial changes in women who experience it. However, association between a larger prevalence of depression in this period is still controversial. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of depression in climacteric women receiving care at a university hospital in a Northeastern Brazilian municipality and to identify associated factors. Method: A prospective, analytic study of 70 climacteric women was performed. Diagnosis of depression was performed according to the International Classification of Diseases diagnostic criteria through a minimal 3-month follow-up period. The following variables were investigated: educational level, marital status, personal income, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, presence and intensity of climacteric symptoms, menopause (natural or surgical), financial dependence on the partner, family history of depression, previous history of postpartum depression, depressive episodes, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, sexual function disorders, and positive or negative attitudes toward menopause. Results: A percentage of 34.3% of the patients had depression, and 70.8% were classified as mild intensity according to Hamilton scale. There was no statistically significant association between socioeconomic variables, reduced sex drive and family history of depression and presence of depression. Conversely, presence of vasomotor symptoms (p = 0.03), insomnia (p < 0.001), menopause (p = 0.05), history of postpartum depression (p = 0.04), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (p = 0.05), and negative attitude toward menopause (p = 0.001) were statistically associated with depression. Conclusions: There was a high prevalence of depression in assessed women. Multiple factors (impact of menopause, psychiatric history and personal impressions of menopause) are responsible for its occurrence.

Palavras-chave : Depression; Hamilton scale; postpartum depression; menopause.

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