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Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul

Print version ISSN 0101-8108

Abstract

SOUZA, Marilise Fraga de et al. Profile of users of the VIVAVOZ telephone service on drugs of abuse. Rev. psiquiatr. Rio Gd. Sul [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.3, pp.182-191. ISSN 0101-8108.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81082008000400007.

INTRODUCTION: Drug abuse is a major public health problem. Telephone interventions have been used as a treatment method. This study aimed at describing the sociodemographic profile, consumption pattern and dependence on psychoactive substances of individuals seeking help in a telephone service on drugs of abuse. METHODS: Data were collected by previously trained consultants using an electronic protocol throughout the first year of the service. Instruments were applied to find the sociodemographic profile, consumption pattern and dependence of drug users. Descriptive statistics was used to estimate distribution of variables, and the data are presented as frequencies. RESULTS: Throughout the study period there were 28,257 calls, of which 7,956 were included. In total there was higher prevalence of women, students, single individuals, older than 35 years, with incomplete primary education and family income lower than five minimum wages. Men aged 18-25 years were prevalent in the sample. The most frequently used drugs were tobacco, cannabis, alcohol and cocaine. Tobacco use was similar for both genders. Males used more illicit drugs. Most drug users were dependent, and men had higher rates of addiction to tobacco and solvents. CONCLUSIONS: These results outline the profile of individuals who seek care through a telephone service, showing the importance of these services for the population and guiding preventive actions.

Keywords : Psychoactive substances; telemedicine; information services; epidemiology.

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