Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul
Print version ISSN 0101-8108
CARVALHO, Valéria Conceição Passos de et al. Effects of premenstrual dysphoric disorder among college students. Rev. psiquiatr. Rio Gd. Sul [online]. 2009, vol.31, n.2, pp. 105-111. ISSN 0101-8108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81082009000200004.
INTRODUCTION: Maternal premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe variant of premenstrual syndrome in which mood swings is the most disturbing and debilitating symptom, affecting the quality of life of women of reproductive age. The objective of this study was to identify the main physical and emotional manifestations of PMDD among undergraduate students of Physical Therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, analytical study was carried between August and December 2008, with 259 undergraduate students. The following instruments were used: a questionnaire covering social and economic data; the Menstrual Symptom Questionnaire (MSQ); Steiner's self-rated premenstrual syndrome questionnaire; and the Hamilton Self-Rating Depression Questionnaire. Descriptive and analytical statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: A high prevalence of physical and emotional symptoms was found. Among the signs and symptoms assessed by MSQ, only depression showed a significant correlation with PMDD (p = 0.048). Other symptoms, such as anxiety, mood lability, physical symptoms, the ability to perform daily tasks, and pain, were not correlated with PMDD. CONCLUSION: PMDD caused physical and emotional distress among the women assessed and was significantly correlated with depression. These findings suggest that PMDD should be classified as a clinical manifestation of mood disorders.
Keywords : Premenstrual dysphoric disorder; menstrual cycle; women's health.