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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Abstract

GOMES, Iracema David; ARAUJO, Francisco Gerson; AZEVEDO, Marcia Cristina Costa de  and  PESSANHA, André Luiz Machado. Reproductive biology of the marine catfish Genidens genidens Valenciennes and Cathorops spixii Agassiz (Siluriformes, Ariidae) in the Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 1999, vol.16, suppl.2, pp.171-180. ISSN 0101-8175.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751999000600017.

The reproductive cycle of the marine catfishes Genidens genidens Valenciennes, 1833 and Cathorops spixii Agassiz, 1839 in the Sepetiba Bay, was assessed by an annual period of sampling from October 1993 to September 1994. The fishes were caught by standardized otter trawl and environmental parameters of temperature, salinity and transparency of water were recorded at each sampling. Five gonadal phases were described, based in macroscopic observations. Changes in the gonadosomatic index (GSI) and in the percentual of stages of gonadal development showed that G. genidens spawns in Summer/early Autumn, coinciding with low salinity and high temperature and transparency. Cathorops spixii spawns in late Spring/early Summer, coinciding with rising temperature and transparency and low salinity. Total spawning are shown for both species, as indicated by length-frequency of oocytes per stages of maturation with two groups synchronic development of oocytes. Fecundity is low (10-23 oocytes, for G. genidens and 24-30 for C. spixii), when compared with other teleosteans, and was not strongly correlated to the total length (G. genidens, r=0.65, C. spixii, r=0.76). Strategy-k is developed by both species as indicated by high brood and enbrions protection and high body length.

Keywords : Siluriformes; Ariidae; reproduction; Marine Catfish; Sepetiba Bay.

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