Revista Brasileira de Zoologia
Print version ISSN 0101-8175
CARVALHO, André L. G. de et al. Feeding ecology of Tropidurus torquatus (Wied) (Squamata, Tropiduridae) in two areas with different degrees of conservation in Marambaia Island, Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 2007, vol.24, n.1, pp. 222-227. ISSN 0101-8175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752007000100029.
We compared the effects of habitat disturbance on the feeding ecology of two local populations of Tropidurus torquatus (Wied, 1820) in restinga habitats on Ilha da Marambaia, Southeastern Brazil. Both populations presented a relatively diverse diet and differ in the number (DMax = 0.22, DF = 2, p = 0.00) and volume of prey consumed (DMax = 0.82, DF = 2, p = 0.00). Ants were the most frequent and numerous preys in both areas, and plant matter and coleopterans were the most important alimentary items in volume. The population from the disturbed area presented a larger niche breadth for number of prey items consumed (Binum = 3.06) and volume (Bivol = 2.98), when compared to the other population (Bjnum = 2.44, Bjvol = 1.52). Niche overlap was higher for number of items consumed between the populations (Oijnum = 0.82) but lower for volume (Oijvol = 0.05). Our data suggest dietary differences between the two lizard populations, and these differences may be associated with environmental modifications. Our main hypothesis to explain the dietary differences is based in the Optimal Foraging Theory. However, the alimentary behavior, and consequently the diet of these lizards, seems to be constrained phylogenetically, with a pattern that may have evolved in the ancestor of all iguanids.
Keywords : Diet; lizards; Optimal Foraging Theory.