Revista Brasileira de Zoologia
Print version ISSN 0101-8175
CARRARA, Lucas A.; FARIA, Luciene C. P.; MATOS, José R. and ANTAS, Paulo de Tarso Z.. Vinaceous Amazon Amazona vinacea (Kuhl) (Aves: Psittacidae) in the northern region of Espirito Santo state, southeastern Brazil: rediscovery and conservation. Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 2008, vol.25, n.1, pp. 154-158. ISSN 0101-8175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752008000100021.
Endemic of the Atlantic Forest, Amazona vinacea (Kuhl, 1820) is listed as endangered in Brazil and at the international level. Lack of recent reports north of Rio de Janeiro state, including the northern portion of Espírito Santo state (where it had been found probably till 1991) suggested the species had vanished from this part of the range. The present paper reports the rediscovery of A. vinacea in Alto Rio Novo region, northwestern Espírito Santo. Two flocks were seen in two different places, the largest one with 28 parrots was found in December 2005. The flocks of A. vinacea were eating seeds of Anadenanthera sp. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae), a new resource for this parrot. Historical data list places up to 35 km from the two localities where the flocks were now found, stressing its regional importance for the Vinaceous Amazon. However, the continuous habitat degradation of the last forest remnants in the region and illegal capture of nestlings are considered the main constrain for this population's conservation. As recently as December 2002, the Pontões Capixabas National Park has been created. It is the first Conservation Unit in the mountains of northern Espírito Santo state. Luckily, it protects a historical place of the Vinaceous Amazon in the region and encompasses forested remnants suitable for the species. Its current limit is some 10 km apart from one of the places where the parrot was found in this study. Besides the conservation, data gathering on the Vinaceous Amazon populations in northwestern Espírito Santo state and the nearby region of Minas Gerais state are critical for the species future in the area. A management plan could be then established, aiming to conserve the current northernmost currently known population of this parrot.
Keywords : Atlantic Forest; Conservation Units; food source.