História (São Paulo)
On-line version ISSN 1980-4369
KNAUSS, Paulo. In the sketch of the New World: the spaces and the individuals of the French Antarctic. História [online]. 2008, vol.27, n.1, pp. 143-153. ISSN 1980-4369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-90742008000100009.
The work approaches the history of the French colonization undertaking in the Guanabara Bay area that developed itself between 1555 and 1560, and became known as the French Antarctic. The French experiment was defeated by a Portuguese military reaction, which defined a context of colonial dispute. From the internal conflicts of the French colonial business, the analysis develops the identification of different groups within the French colony that were characterized by the affirmation of distinct colonial projects, which allowed for the recognition of 3 factions of the French Antarctic. The analysis considers that the political projects divide themselves among the question of the State, religion and the Indians, identifying the sense of each one of the constituted groups amidst the French. The argument permits approaching the question of the localization of Henriville, the French colonial city, showing that the domain of the space translated itself as an expression of the colonial projects that articulated themselves in the lands of the New World. The research makes use of documents from the Portuguese Inquisition to indentify individual trajectories that were not treated by historiography with respect to the French Antarctic.
Keywords : French Antarctic; French Colonization; Colonial dispute.