História (São Paulo)
On-line version ISSN 1980-4369
OLIVEIRA, Terezinha. University, freedom and politics in the medieval commune: a study of official letters. História [online]. 2009, vol.28, n.2, pp. 715-732. ISSN 1980-4369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-90742009000200025.
In this paper, it was analyzed three letters, in which are registered the political debates pro-freedom and pro-establishing rules for 'living well' carried out within the Medieval Commune. The letters reveal the social changes that were taking place in the Medieval Commune, expressed in the struggle on behalf of individuals' freedom for mobility and freedom for the circulation of products, in the systemization of university life, through organization of statutes, and in the kings' awareness on the relevance of knowledge, in order to achieve the development of their territories. A significant historical process was verified in the letters. Whereas, speeches were linked to the current effective order, the letters claimed for something new, distant from feudalist structures. Thus, through this analysis, it was observed a paradoxical movement, in which people identify themselves with the present; however, their manifestations reveal a necessary rupture of bonds to construct new relationships, opposed to the current relations.
Keywords : Letters; Medieval University; Commune; Freedom; History of Medieval Education.