História (São Paulo)
On-line version ISSN 1980-4369
HENRIQUES, Amilson Barbosa. Modern agriculture in Sao Paulo in the late 19th century: some proposals. História [online]. 2011, vol.30, n.2, pp. 359-380. ISSN 1980-4369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-90742011000200017.
This study immerses itself in the history of agriculture in Brazil, especially in the State of São Paulo, from around the late 19th century and beginning of the 20th century onward. The agricultural modification proposals revolved around different subjects, but always interconnected, such as: agricultural diversification; natural or chemical fertilization; intensive soil culture; labour, population and colonization; installation of colonial areas attending the desired patterns and necessities of modern agriculture; farming instruction through experience and demonstration in the fields; farming education at different levels; farming mechanization, which was called Modern Agriculture by that time; in substitution for what had been considered to be routine and outdated agriculture, practiced since the beginning of agriculture in Brazil.
Keywords : Modern Agriculture; State of São Paulo; Coffee growing.