História (São Paulo)
On-line version ISSN 1980-4369
SANTOS, Dulce O. Amarante dos. Approaches to monastic medicine in Middle Ages' Portugal. História [online]. 2012, vol.31, n.1, pp. 47-64. ISSN 1980-4369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-90742012000100005.
This paper seeks to analyze the medieval Portuguese monastic medicine in the Middle Ages before and after the Universty's foundation at 1290 by the king D. Dinis. The sources corpus include beneditine and augustiani rules, liber ordinis or customaries, books catalogue from Santa Cruz of Coimbra and conciliary legislation. There were two basic moments of monastic medicine: the first had occurred in the 6th century with the beneditine rule which had favoured the development of two spaces for the sicks monks and poors care, e. g., infirmary and hospital. The second moment, in the 13th century focused the institucional medical scholasticism and at the same time the Church conciliar legislation attempts to forbide for the monks the practica medica.
Keywords : monastic medicine; Portugal; Middle Ages.