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História (São Paulo)

On-line version ISSN 1980-4369

Abstract

JESUS, Diego Santos Vieira de. Targeting the past: autonomy and protection at NPT Review Conferences (2000-2010). História [online]. 2012, vol.31, n.1, pp. 392-419. ISSN 1980-4369.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-90742012000100019.

The aim of this article is to examine the positions of nuclear-weapon and non-nuclear-weapon states on non-proliferation, disarmament and peaceful uses of nuclear energy in the last three NPT Review Conferences. The central argument is that nuclear-weapon states wanted to develop more stringent measures regarding the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and preserve their autonomy in relation to other states, while making marginal concessions predominantly in the area of ​​nuclear disarmament in order to minimize the opposition of non-nuclear-weapon states, especially in 2000 and 2010. Non-nuclear-weapon states wanted to avoid the adoption of measures proposed by the nuclear-weapon states that would undermine the inalienable right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy and extend the commitments of nuclear-weapon states with respect to nuclear disarmament.

Keywords : NPT Review Conferences; nuclear non-proliferation; nuclear disarmament; peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

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