Revista Brasileira de Coloproctologia
versão impressa ISSN 0101-9880
NADAL, Sidney Roberto et al. Comparison of Langerhans cells counts from tissues containing anal carcinoma of patients with and without HIV infection. Rev bras. colo-proctol. [online]. 2006, vol.26, n.3, pp. 269-274. ISSN 0101-9880. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-98802006000300006.
Langerhans cells (LC) are bone marrow derived dendritic cells that represent the major antigen-presenting cells (APC) in the skin, thus representing an integral part of the cutaneous immune response. Immunossupression decreases their number, including HIV infection, and skin tumors products are sufficient to immobilize LC within the tumor, preventing their migration to lymph nodes. This reduces the number of T cells that infiltrate the tumor, preventing regression. OBJETIVE: Our proposal was to know what are the differences among LC counts comparing HIV-positive and -negative patients with anal carcinoma. METHOD: We evaluated 24 patients, 14 with HIV and 10 HIV-negative. Treatment for carcinoma was similar in both groups. Paraffin blocks containing biopsies were cut and stained with antibody anti-CD68. LC were counted in a histometrical way and number were compared to previous known specimens of HIV-negative patients without infectious anorectal diseases. We also studied cancer evolution and T CD4+ lymphocytes blood counts of HIV-positive patients. RESULTS: Statistics showed that anal carcinomas were more frequent in females HIV-negative and in seropositive males. HIV-positive patients were younger than seronegative ones. LC were decreased in seropositive patients and the most numerous counts were associated to worse prognosis. HIV-positive patients who had the most decreased T CD4+ counts had the worst prognosis, too. CONCLUSION: We conclude that LC were decreased in HIV-positive patients with anal carcinoma rather than in seronegative.
Palavras-chave : Anal carcinoma anal; Langerhans cells; Dendritic cells; HPV infection; HIV infection; AIDS.