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Revista Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Print version ISSN 0101-9880
ARAUJO, Sergio Eduardo Alonso et al. Robotic assisted colorrectal surgery. Rev bras. colo-proctol. [online]. 2008, vol.28, n.3, pp. 369-377. ISSN 0101-9880. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-98802008000300018.
The development of minimally invasive surgical techniques represents an important aspect of modern surgical research. Robot-assisted minimally invasive colorectal surgery represents a way of assisting laparoscopic colorectal procedures. Robotic technology overcomes some of these limitations by successfully providing intuitive motion and enhanced precision and accuracy, in an environment that is much more ergonomic. A restrict number of surgeons in specialized centers around the world have been applying robotics. In this review, current evidence about different technologies and its place in colorectal surgery is evaluated. The feasibility of performing robot-assisted colorectal operations has been demonstrated though case series and small case-controlled trials. The potential for enhancing autonomic nerve preservation during proctectomy may be the most remarkable advantage associated to robotic assistance during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Colorectal surgeons should seize the opportunity to begin to use surgical robotic systems. Only through widespread surgeon training and increasing clinical experience with these systems, further technological developments, and continuous research, robotic technology will be routinely incorporated into surgical procedures on the colon and rectum.
Keywords : Robotics; Telerobotics; Surgical Procedures; Minimally Invasive; Laparoscopy; Colorectal Surgery.