Revista Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Print version ISSN 0101-9880
QUEIROZ, Fábio Lopes de et al. Colorectal laparoscopic surgeries performed in the State of Minas Gerais - Brasil from 1996 to 2009. Rev bras. colo-proctol. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.1, pp. 61-67. ISSN 0101-9880. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-98802010000100008.
INTRODUCTION: Since 1991, laparoscopic surgery started to be considered in the treatment of colorectal disease. With the improvement of the technique and the confirmation of the benefits shown in several studies, the perspective of laparoscopy has changed. Recently, the oncologic resections were recognized as a viable alternative, with similar results to the conventional technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected based on charter review and a specific form from the coloproctology reference centers in Minas Gerais. The data assessed were age, gender, indication for surgery, the procedure performed, the laparoscopic technique, complications, conversion rate and staging (in case of tumor). RESULTS: Data from 503 surgeries were analyzed: 347 (68.9%) were women, and 156 (31.1%) men. The technique was totally laparoscopic in 137 cases, laparoscopically-assisted in 245. The procedure most frequently performed was rectosigmoidectomy (41.1%), followed by right hemicolectomy (12.5%) and left hemicolectomy (6.9%). Conversion occurred in 10.7% (54) cases, being 12.9% (31/240) in cases of neoplasia and 8.5% (22/259) in benign diseases. Systemic or surgical complications occurred in 31 (6.1%) and 56 (11.1%) cases, respectively. The surgical mortality was 2.18% (11). Benign diseases were responsible for 259 (51.5%) cases, the most frequent indications were endometriosis 126 (48.6%), polyps 40 (15.4%) and diverticular disease 30 (11.6%) cases. From the 240 surgeries performed for malignant disease, the most frequent were rectosigmoidectomy 102 (42.5%), right hemicolectomy 46 (19.1%), left hemicolectomy 18 (7.5%) and abdominoperineal resection 18 (7.5%). CONCLUSION: This study was the first survey about the implementation of laparoscopic colorectal surgery done in Minas Gerais. The data are consistent with the national registry of colorectal surgery.
Keywords : Colorectal surgery; Videolaparoscopy; Videosurgery.