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Revista Brasileira de Coloproctologia
version ISSN 0101-9880
TORRES NETO, Juvenal da Rocha et al. Is the histopathologic examination essential in orificial sugeries?. Rev bras. colo-proctol. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.2, pp.152-159. ISSN 0101-9880. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-98802010000200005.
Introduction: The histopathologic examination is repeatedly done in orificial surgeries and it's important to diagnose anal diseases associated, malign lesions and sexually transmitted diseases that weren't previously predicted on the clinic examination. The cost of the histopathologic examinations is very significant to the public health service, which shows the need to do a cost-benefit analysis of their routine use. Objectives: Evaluate the time between the surgical specimen's delivery and the emission of the histopathologic examination's report, the concordance level between the clinic impression and the histopathologic examination's report, the clinical relevance of the diseases secondarily diagnosed, the cost of the histopathologic examinations and the cost-benefit analysis of them. Methods: Descriptive and retrospective study of 173 histopathologic examinations from patients of the Hospital Universitário de Aracaju made from 2005 to 2007, that were submitted to orificial surgeries. Results: High concordance level between the clinic impression and the histopathologic examination's report; from the discordants reports, a few had clinical relevance and was only one case of anal cancer. There was a significant delay on the reports' emission, which suggests that the pathology service is overloaded; and the cost-benefit analysis was unfavorable. Conclusions: We suggest screening to a rational and judicious use of the histopathologic examination in orificial surgeries based on the patient's clinical history and risk factors.
Keywords : Histopathologic examination; orificial surgery; cost-benefit analysis.