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Revista Brasileira de Coloproctologia
versión ISSN 0101-9880
LUCENA, Maurilio Toscano de et al. Radiochemotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal: Barao de Lucena hospital experience. Rev bras. colo-proctol. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.2, pp.167-174. ISSN 0101-9880. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-98802010000200007.
Objectives: To present the results and analyze the variables involved in the treatment and prognosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal treated by radiotherapy and chemotherapy at the Hospital Barao de Lucena-SUS-PE. Methodology: Analysis of medical records of patients diagnosed with anal cancer treated by chemoradiation. The monitoring period was from June 1989 to June 2005. We included patients with histologically confirmed cancer of the anal canal, framed in stages I, II, IIIa and IIIb, underwent two cycles of chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) at a dose of 1g / m² / day continuous infusion 96 hours and cisplatin at a dose of 100 mg / m² administered at 6 hours the second day of infusion of each cycle, administered on the first and third weeks of radiotherapy treatment regimen. Results: We evaluated records of 108 patients who met the criteria of the protocol. The mean follow-up was 51 months (1-182 months). There were more females (81.5% of patients). The age ranged from 33 to 83 years (mean 59 years). The most common histological type was squamous cell carcinoma (80.6% of cases). In 21 patients, was diagnosed Basaloid carcinoma. Regarding the degree of differentiation, the most prevalent type was moderately differentiated (61% of patients with squamous cell carcinoma). The rate of initial complete response was 89.8%. Eleven patients had persistent tumor after radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The initial response rate was lower in complete stages IIIa and IIIb compared to stages I and II with statistical significance (p <0.05). 14 patients developed recurrence, eight with local recurrence (7.4%) and six (5.5%) with lymphatic recurrence and distance. CONCLUSIONS: The chemoradiation treatment of unique cell carcinoma of the anal canal, have complete response rate very high with acceptable morbidity. Surgical treatment still has its value in cases of persistent injury and / or local recurrence, with satisfactory results.
Palabras clave : Neoplasm of the anus; squamous cell cancer; radiotherapy; chemotherapy; combined chemotherapy.