Revista Brasileira de Coloproctologia
versão ISSN 0101-9880
CORDEIRO, Fernando; MENDONCA, Samuel; OLIVEIRA, Joanna Paes de Barros e e NOGUEIRA, Vanessa Fabiula Pancioni. Liability of the physician and the turnaround of legal thinking about the kind of activity. Rev bras. colo-proctol. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.1, pp.58-63. ISSN 0101-9880. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-98802011000100008.
Whenever an action causes damage to another person and there is causal nexus, that is, when the result seen by the practice of this action is, directly or not, related, the obligation will fit to repay the victim, a referring value to its damage. This normative, Civil Liability, has as bedding the beginning of the guilt, when subjective (which needs an act or omission that finally violates the right of a second person, the damage produced for this act, the responsibility of causality between the act and the damage and, the guilt) and the risk's beginning when objective (which does not need guilt, since is based on the theory of the risk, presuming it, independently to have or not acted with this intention). While Contractual Civil liability, two are the obligations of a professional: of result, that is, to reach definitive objective or end, and of way, that is, the obligation to use all the half ones for its objective achievement. In the Code of Protection and Defense of the Consumer (Law 8,078, of September 11, 1990), the objective responsibility must be used to all the service renders, except the class of liberal professionals, physicians, and lawyers, for carrying through its activities mainly as being of ways and, therefore, be considered subjective. In some situations, Law understands that the Responsibility should be objective, that is, when a result promise is consubstantiates. The advertisements have had the power to evoke these mistaken situations. The main objective of this paper is to show, to Law professionals and, in particularly, to the doctors, which are the phenomena that had created this shunting line of the norm. The Subjective Civil Liability is supported in the Civil Code, its Art.186 and the caption of the Art.927, while the Objective is observed in the Art. 927, only §. Thus, when relating legal literature texts and data from the Regional Medical Counsel of the State of São Paulo how much the advertisements and investigations restored on this citizen, the authors intend to demonstrate the causal relation of this new way of thinking.
Palavras-chave : medical civil liability; subjective responsibility; objective responsibility.