Revista Brasileira de História
On-line version ISSN 1806-9347
MIATELLO, André Luis Pereira. The king and the kingdom under the eye of the preacher: Vincent of Beauvais and the concept of Christian kingship in the 13th century. Rev. Bras. Hist. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.63, pp. 225-246. ISSN 1806-9347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-01882012000100011.
In this article I am concerned with Vincent of Beauvais's De morali principis institutione. The aim is to analyze his political ideas related to the criteria, the institution and the social function of Christian kingship in the 13th century. In order to understand Vincent of Beauvais's political thought, I contrast the ancient figure of royal pastorate (the pastoral power of the king) and the idea of reasons of state. Writing his treatise for the Capetian King Louis IX, Vincent of Beauvais contrasted the ordinary situation of the political and historical government to the social model called ecclesia, a supernatural reality. For Vincent Ecclesia always remains an idealized and mystic reference while Christianity, governed by pastor-kings, may be a historical anticipation of the scatological and post-historical condition that is the final destiny of the mankind.
Keywords : politics; kingship; royal pastorate.