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Revista Brasileira de História

On-line version ISSN 1806-9347

Abstract

KOCH, Ana Maria. Crusade for democracy: catholic activists in republican Brazil. Rev. Bras. Hist. [online]. 2013, vol.33, n.66, pp.287-308. ISSN 1806-9347.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-01882013000200014.

The expression 'democratic crusade', used by the military in 1964, demonstrates ideological roots in Catholicism and in North American anti-communist speech. Studying the reasoning of this use in the tradition of Brazilian Catholicism allows glimpsing the way ultramontanism - the antiliberal project of the Roman Catholic papacy since the beginning of the nineteenth century - manifested itself in Brazilian politics from 1889 to 1964.

Keywords : democratic crusade; ultramontanism; catholic activism.

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