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Revista Brasileira de História

Print version ISSN 0102-0188On-line version ISSN 1806-9347

Abstract

SOUZA, Rogério Luiz de. The Ideas of Jacques Maritain and Emmanuel Mounier on the Brazilian Catholic Field and the Liberation Education of Paulo Freire. Rev. Bras. Hist. [online]. 2019, vol.39, n.82, pp.177-198.  Epub Dec 09, 2019. ISSN 0102-0188.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-93472019v39n82-09.

The article examines the interventional force of the Brazilian Catholic militancy after the Second World War, which enabled for a French intellectual matrix and through the living experiences in spaces of social vulnerability. The specific target of the analysis of this article focuses on how Paulo Freire was one of these dedicated militant Catholics in the field of education. In his work Educação como prática de liberdade [Education as Practice of Freedom], published in 1967, Freire applied and created a pedagogy of action inspired by the political philosophy of Jacques Maritain and the philosophy of action of Emmanuel Mounier, establishing a relationship with Marxist theory. To better understand this movement of social Catholic actors and in particular, of Paulo Freire on the elaboration of a new pedagogical discourse and a new political social action in Brazil, this study presents the mobilization of the concepts of the social field of Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault’s genealogy of power relations.

Keywords : social Catholicism; French Catholic thinking; Catholic militancy; Paulo Freire; liberation education.

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