Print version ISSN 0102-0536
FERREIRA, Magna Maria M.; FERREIRA, Gilvan B.; FONTES, Paulo Cezar R. and DANTAS, José P.. Tomato plants production in relation to nitrogen doses and organic fertilization for two sowing times. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2003, vol.21, n.3, pp. 468-473. ISSN 0102-0536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362003000300011.
The tomato plants yield as a result of nitrogen doses and organic fertilization was evaluated in two field experiments carried out in spring-summer and autumn-spring, in 1999. The experiments were carried aut at the Federal University of Viçosa, in a Cambic Red-Yellow Argisol. In both, the N doses applied, in the nitrocalcium form, were 0, 110, 220, 440 and 880 kg/ha and the doses of organic matter, in the form of hardened bovine manure, were 0 and 8 t/ha. The experimental design was of randomized blocks, in the factorial scheme 5 x 2, with four replications. The productivity was influenced by N doses, in the two levels of organic matter, at two periods. In the spring-summer experiment, the maximum total, commercial and extra productions were 44.78; 25.10 and 23.52 t/ha, obtained with the doses of 530.2; 464.2 and 434.8 kg/ha of nitrogen, respectively, without organic matter; and 45.75; 25.87 and 24.53 t/ha, obtained with the doses of 574.2; 513.3 and 599.8 kg/ha of nitrogen, respectively, with organic matter. In the autumn-spring experiment, the productions were 99.37; 78.87 and 69.93 t/ha, obtained with the doses of 525.4; 533.9 and 557.5 kg/ha of nitrogen, respectively, without organic matter; and 108.74; 87.08 and 78.09 t/ha, obtained with the doses of 589.6; 575.3 and 557.4 kg/ha of nitrogen, respectively, with organic matter. The addition of organic matter in soil increased the nitrogen fertilizer dose necessary to obtain the tomato plant maximum production total, commercial and extra production, at both planting periods.
Keywords : Lycopersicon esculentum L.; nitrogen fertilization; organic fertilization; bovine manure; yield; sowing times.