versão On-line ISSN 1806-9991
CHAPPER, Marilice et al. Metabolic changes in after reconditioning at 15ºC of cold stored potato tubers. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2004, vol.22, n.4, pp. 700-705. ISSN 1806-9991. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362004000400007.
Potato tubers of cultivars Atlantic, Eliza and Pérola were firstl stored at 2ºC for 10 days and then reconditioned at 15ºC for 10 or 20 days, in order to verify if these treatments could reduce the cold-sweetening. The reconditioning was associated to reduced tuber sucrose levels in all cultivars analyzed, and was followed by a clear reduction in the activity of sucrose-phosphate syntase, UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, and sucrose synthase. The decrease in invertase activity was only transient, and limited to some genotypes. These treatments also reduced linearly the glucose levels in Pérola and Atlantic tubers, which in turn suggest that stronger reductions could be observed under longer reconditioning periods. Starch contents were not changed in reconditioned tubers, although a transient decrease in the activity of starch phosphorylase and total amidolitic activity was observed in some genotypes. These data indicate that reconditioning, even under short time periods (20 days) and mild temperatures (15°C), result in a strong and heterogeneous effect on tuber carbohydrate metabolism. More importantly, these results indicate that the reconditioning could reduce cold-sweetening in the cultivars Pérola and Atlantic.
Palavras-chave : Solanum tuberosum; storage; reconditioning; carbohydrate metabolism; cold-sweetening.