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Horticultura Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0102-0536

Resumo

MEDEIROS, Maria A; SUJII, Edison R  e  MORAIS, Helena C. Effect of plant diversification on abundance of South American tomato pinworm and predators in two cropping systems. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.3, pp.300-306. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362009000300007.

Several studies have demonstrated that the diversification of the agroecosystem may reduce insect pest infestation using the strategy of companion planting. We studied the effect of the presence of coriander and Gallant soldier as companion plants in the tomato crop under organic and conventional management on abundance of the tomato pests and predators. The experiment was carried out under field conditions, at Distrito Federal, Brazil, from July to October, 2004. The experimental design was of randomized blocks with three replicates in a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement [Three crop diversification levels: tomato in monoculture, tomato intercropped with coriander, and tomato intercropped with coriander and Gallant soldier; and two cropping systems: organic and conventional]. Each plot had 80 plants of the tomato and the pest-insects and predaceous arthropods were collected every week in five tomato plants/plot. Tuta absoluta (Meyr.) was the commonest pest species in both cropping systems. The tomato intercropped with coriander and Gallant soldier in organic cropping system had lower abundance and higher diversity of pests, and higher abundance and diversity of predaceous arthropods, mainly at 80 days after the tomato transplanting, coinciding with the population peak of T. absoluta (eggs and adults). The more abundant predators were spiders, lady beetles and ants. The spiders were abundant and uniformly distributed in both systems. The lady beetles appeared lately in the organic system, at the flowering season of the coriander. The ants were more abundant in the conventional systems.

Palavras-chave : Lycopersicon esculentum; Coriandrum sativum; Galinsoga parviflora; Tuta absoluta; habitat manipulation; conservation biological control.

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