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Horticultura Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0102-0536

Resumo

MEDEIROS, Jeane E de; MARIANO, Rosa de LR; PEDROSA, Elvira MR  e  SILVEIRA, Elineide B da. Inconsistency of the biological control of Meloidogyne incognita race 2 in melon by endophytic bacteria. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.3, pp.319-324. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362009000300010.

We obtained 61 rhizobacterium isolates from rhizosphere soil samples collected in melon commercial fields located in Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. These isolates, along with 56 endophytic bacteria from the Collection of Cultures of the Plant Bacteriology Laboratory of the Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, were tested for controlling Meloidogyne incognita race 2 in melon. To infest the soil with nematodes, 1000 eggs of Meloidogyne incognita race 2 per plant were placed in pots where seedlings of the yellow-type melon, cultivar AF 682, were growing for 10 days. Two days before, 20 mL of bacterial suspension (0.7 OD570nm) were poured into each pot. After 60 days, fresh root biomass, gall index, egg mass, and the nematode reproduction factor were assessed. Among the 117 isolates screened, the endophytic Bacillus ENM7, ENM10, and ENM51 were selected because they significantly reduced egg mass and/or gall index. However, when tested again, separately and in mixtures, these isolates nor confirmed their efficiency in vivo, neither affected juvenile emergence in vitro. These results give evidence on the inconsistency of using endophytic-bacteria in the control of M. incognita race 2 in melon.

Palavras-chave : Meloidogyne; Cucumis melo; rhizobacteria; endophytic bacteria; management.

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