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Horticultura Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0102-0536

Resumo

LIMA, Francisco de S et al. Lead concentration and allocation in vegetable crops grown in a soil contaminated by battery residues. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.3, pp.362-365. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362009000300019.

Lead (Pb) is a very stable metal in soil and is highly toxic to humans and animals. Exposure to Pb occurs via inhalation of particles from industry and soil, as well as household dust, water, and contaminated food. A greenhouse experiment was carried out to evaluate Pb contents and allocation in vegetable crops grown in a soil contaminated by battery recycling wastes. Eight plant species were studied: tomato, sweet pepper, beet, carrot, cabbage, green collards, eggplant, and okra. The experiment was set up in blocks at random with four replicates. The results showed that carrot, green collards, beet, and okra were the most Pb tolerant species, while the others were very Pb-sensitive, since they did not complete their cycle. The decreasing order for Pb accumulation in the vegetables crops was: carrot > okra > tomato > eggplant > sweet pepper > green collards > cabbage > beet. Taking into account the Pb allocation in plants, the order was: root > stems > leaves > edible parts. Although carrot translocated the lowest Pb amount into the edible part, such level exceeded the legal limit.

Palavras-chave : Battery recycling; soil pollution; soil contamination; heavy metals.

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