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Horticultura Brasileira

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ONOYAMA, Silvia S; REIFSCHNEIDER, Francisco José B; MOITA, Antônio Williams  and  SOUZA, Geraldo da S e. Attributes of vegetables based on consumer's needs: a case study on bell peppers in Distrito Federal, Brazil. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.1, pp.124-132. ISSN 0102-0536.

Capsicum (chili and bell peppers) breeders at Embrapa Vegetables are focusing project activities to satisfy the demands of both growers and final consumers in order to increase the chances of success in, long-term development of new cultivars. So, a prospection study on consumer demands and perception on bell peppers was started in 2007 in order to identify the main attributes taken in consideration during the act of purchase. This work was divided in two parts: a pilot study with 444 consumers at one supermarket and a survey with 500 consumers of fresh bell pepper, carried out by interviews at five supermarkets in Brasilia, Brazil, which represent distinct income segments. Data were analyzed by categorical data analysis using SAS (Procedure CATMOD) to rank the attributes in order of importance; to contrast the attribute means; and to verify the psychosocial influence on ranking the attributes during the purchase act. In addition, correspondence analysis was used for graphical representation of the attributes separated by the level of importance. During purchase, consumers prioritize the attributes related to the visual aspect (appearance) and firmness of the fruits. Also, differences of perception by gender, age, educational level, marital status and supermarket location were detected. Based on the collected evidence, elderly people are more concerned about nutritional value. Plant breeding programs can be better focused utilizing inputs from similar studies.

Keywords : Capsicum annuum; consumption; quality; supermarket.

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