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Horticultura Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0102-0536

Resumo

LOPES, Welder de AR et al. Growth analysis of tomato plants 'SM-16' cultivated under different mulching. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.4, pp. 554-561. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362011000400019.

In order to evaluate the growth of tomato plants cv. SM-16, grown under different mulching, a trial was carried out at WG Fruticultura, Baraúna, Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil, between July and November 2008. The experimental design was arranged in splitplots, under completely randomized blocks with four replications. Treatments (plots) were the mulching types: uncovered soil, black polyethylene film, silver polyethylene film, white polyethylene film and black polypropylene TNT, and the splitplots were sampling times: 14, 28, 42, 56, 70, 84 and 98 days after transplanting (DAT). Dry mass accumulation in leaves (AMSF), branches (AMSR), inflorescences (AMSI), fruits (AMSFR) and total (AMST), leaf area index (IAF), leaf area ratio (RAF), specific leaf area (AFE), absolute growth rate (TCA), relative growth rate (TCR) and net assimilation rate (TAL) were determined. The mulching influenced the development of dry matter accumulation in leaves, branches and fruits, and the TNT promoted the highest averages. The fruits behaved as the preferential drain of the plant. The TNT was the mulching that has promoted the highest average for the leaf area index and absolute and relative growth rates. The leaf area ratio, specific leaf area and net assimilation rate were not influenced by cover crops.

Palavras-chave : Lycopersicon esculentum; mulching; assimilate partition; growth rate.

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