versão impressa ISSN 0102-0536
GENUNCIO, Gláucio da C et al. Yield of hydroponic rocket cultivated in different seasons and flow rates of nutrient solution. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.4, pp. 605-608. ISSN 0102-0536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362011000400027.
The rocket is one of the main vegetable crops produced in Brazil through hydroponics. Nevertheless, besides the application of an appropriate nutrient solution for the crop, the knowledge and control of intrinsic variables for the management of the nutrient solution is essential. The accumulation of fresh biomass of the aboveground part, roots and the yield of rocket grown in three flow rates of nutrient solution during six crop cycles was studied. The treatments consisted of three flows rates of nutrient solution, V1= 0.75, V2= 1.00 and V3= 1.50 L min-1. We also evaluated six cycles of cultivation (from July to December). The experimental design was randomized blocks with eight replications. Harvest occurred 30 days after the transplanting date to the hydroponic channels. The yield of biomass of the aboveground part and of roots was higher in the months of November and December, due to the higher temperatures into the greenhouse. The lowest value of aboveground part biomass was registered in the lowest flow rate of nutrient solution. The aboveground part and total (aboveground part + root) biomass were higher in the warmer months. An increase of yield was observed with the improvement of the flow rate of nutrient solution through the channels.
Palavras-chave : Eruca sativa; soilless cultivation; production.