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Horticultura Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0102-0536

Abstract

CARDOSO, Jean C; ONO, Elizabeth O  and  RODRIGUES, João D. Gibberellic acid in vegetative and reproductive development of Phalaenopsis orchid hybrid genus. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.1, pp. 71-74. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362012000100012.

The flower industry represents about one billion dollars in Brazil and the development of techniques aimed at flowering control is required. This study evaluated the influence of gibberellic acid (GA3) on the vegetative and reproductive development of young plants of Phalaenopsis FSNT 'Dai-Itigo' hybrid pink color. The application of GA3 was made by foliar sprays at concentrations of 0, 125, 250, 500 and 1,000 mg L -1. The length of leaves increased significantly when using GA3 at low concentrations, but leaf width decreased. The application of GA3 at 125 mg L -1 showed the best results for the promotion of flowering and flower quality of this orchid hybrid. In this treatment, about 50% of plants treated with GA3 flowered about 6-12 months before the plants that were non-treated with this plant growth regulator. The quality of flowering and flowers was best with 125 mg L -1 GA3.

Keywords : Phalenopsis; young plants; leaf size; precocity; flowering; quality.

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