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Horticultura Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0102-0536

Abstract

SILVA, Giovani Olegário da; CARVALHO, Agnaldo Donizete F de; VIEIRA, Jairo V  and  FRITSCHE-NETO, Roberto. Adaptability and stability of carrot populations. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.1, pp. 80-83. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362012000100014.

In the process of developing new cultivars, it is imperative to know the performance of carrot populations in final breeding phase for the possible environments to which they may be indicated; this can be verified testing the adaptability and stability. In this study the adaptability and stability of carrot genotypes from the Brasilia group were verified. The experiment was carried out during the 2007/2008, 2008/2009 and 2009/2010 crop years at five different places, three being in conventional growing at Sao Gotardo (Minas Gerais state), Irece (Bahia state) and Gama (Federal District), and two in organic growing at Managed Settlement Program of the Federal District (PAD-DF) and Gama. A randomized block design with three replications with 1 m2 plots was used. Four carrot genotypes from the Brasilia group: 0912532, 0912520, BRS Planalto and Brasilia were evaluated. 100 days following sowing, fresh mass of commercial root value was determined in grams, in each plot. Regarding adaptability and stability assessment, the REML/BLUP methodology was applied. BRS Planalto and 0912520 were the genotypes with better adaptability and stability; BRS Planalto was preeminent mainly in 2009-2010 crop years; and 0912520 was preeminent in 2007/2008 and 2008/2009. Brasilia had the worst performance in most places, but good performance and specific adaptability to Irece.

Keywords : Daucus carota; population x environment interaction; REML [BLUP].

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